Test Bank For Abnormal Psychology 8Th Edition By Susan Nolen
Chapter 3 Assessing and Diagnosing Abnormality
1) Current guidelines for diagnosing mental disorders use ________ to make diagnoses.
- A) ranges of scores
- B) subjective systems
- C) thresholds
- D) continuum models
2) The process of gathering information about an individual’s symptoms and the possible causes of these symptoms is referred to as
- A) assessment.
- B) diagnosis.
- C) treatment.
- D) study.
3) Which of the following is a label for a set of symptoms that often occur together?
- A) Marker
- B) Typology
- C) Diagnosis
- D) Assessment
4) Tina’s parents are concerned because she seems to have trouble writing. She often writes her numbers backwards and misspells words. The school suggests that they seek psychological counseling for Tina, especially since the problem occurred after the family’s car accident. Why might the family need a psychologist?
- A) Psychologists can assess cognitive deficits such as learning disabilities.
- B) A psychologist would be more sympathetic to the parents’ concerns.
- C) A psychologist could consult after ruling out biological causes for the problem.
- D) Psychologists are concerned with the emotional well-being of individuals.
5) Which term refers to the accuracy of a test in assessing what it is supposed to measure?
- A) Reliability
- B) Validity
- C) Constructability
- D) Generalizability
6) Jason was taking a test to measure his general level of anxiety. When he glanced over the test, the questions seemed as though they were related to his problem. In this scenario, the test most likely had ________ validity.
- A) predictive
- B) concurrent
- C) content
- D) face
7) If a test assesses all important aspects of a phenomenon, the test is said to have ________validity.
- A) content
- B) construct
- C) concurrent
- D) contextual
8) Mark takes a test to measure his general level of anxiety. After taking the test, Mark realizes that the test contains questions only on the physical symptoms of anxiety and no questions on the cognitive symptoms, which are equally important aspects of the phenomenon of anxiety. In this case, the test mostly lacks
- A) alternate-form reliability.
- B) content validity.
- C) test-retest reliability.
- D) predictive validity.