Test bank for Davis Advantage for Pathophysiology 2nd edition
Chapter 4: Stress, Exercise, and Immobility
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____ 1. Which is an example of eustress?
|2.||Death of a friend|
____ 2. A client is scheduled for a heart valve replacement. Which strategic action of the primary healthcare provider enhances the client’s adaptive ability and coping mechanism to reduce stress?
|1.||Encouraging a family member to stay with the client in the pre-operative setting|
|2.||Permitting a family member to stay in the operation theater|
|3.||Administering epinephrine to reduce stress|
|4.||Restricting the family members from talking to the client in the pre-operative setting|
____ 3. In which stage of Hans Selye’s general adaptation syndrome is the sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activated?
____ 4. What is polysomnography?
|1.||A diagnostic test to examine sleep patterns|
|2.||A diagnostic test to examine eye movement|
|3.||A diagnostic test to examine respiratory functions|
|4.||A diagnostic test to examine electrical activity of the brain|
____ 5. Which problem is a 55-year-old client most likely to exhibit as a result of prolonged benzodiazepine use?
____ 6. A client who has been taking an antidepressant for 10 days complains of depression and does not find the medication to be effective. Which is the best response by the nurse?
|1.||“I will increase the drug dosage after informing the physician”|
|2.||“The medication will take at least 3 weeks to be effective.”|
|3.||“I will change the medication after informing the physician.”|
|4.||“Stop taking the medication.”|
____ 7. Which is the most commonly used over-the-counter sleep aid?
____ 8. A registered nurse is explaining the effects of exercise on cardiovascular system to a student nurse. Which statement by the student nurse indicates effective teaching?
|1.||“Exercise prevents thrombus formation.”|
|2.||“Exercise increases fibrinogen levels.”|
|3.||“Exercise prevents angiogenesis.”|
|4.||“Exercise increases the heart’s efficiency by decreasing cardiac muscle mass.”|
____ 9. A client is on long-term bed rest. Which condition might the client develop due to immobility?
____ 10. A bedridden client has frequent gastrointestinal reflux. Which condition might the client develop due to gastrointestinal reflux?